Cultural Tour in Nepal
Geographical beauty fascinates your vision while cultural beauty drives your soul. Exploring variable traits of human culture is most probably the best source of relaxation and also inspiration. Nepal is a country full of diversities and cultural variance is its major highlight. The topographical difference of Nepal aligns collinearly with the cultural variation. Nepal is tremendously famous as a multicultural, multilingual, and multi-traditional country which proudly demonstrates its unity in diversity to the whole world. It serves a huge variety of custom, tradition, belief, religion, costume, language, and social organization which perfectly blends with harmony.
If you are on a cultural tour of Nepal you will be a served a wide variety of its unmatchable beauty everywhere. The Himalayan region of Nepal is inhabited by the most ancient Sherpas who are the worshippers of nature. They are mainly engaged in occupational activities like mountaineering, animal husbandry, and agriculture. They are the prominent followers of the Buddhism and celebrate festivities like Loshar and Buddha Jayanti. This area is graced with a lot of ancient monasteries, gumbas, bihars, and stupas including the very famous pilgrimage site Muktinath which portray the legacy of Buddhism. Sherpa language is their mother tongue and the major communicative language there. They perform various cultural dance forms like The Sherpa Dance, Jhankri Dance, and The Yak and Yeti dance on their folk songs. Due to the minor temperature, people in this reason wear thick clothes named Bakkhu and special hand-made shoes named Docha. Preparing Thanka is one of the famous artistic activities of this reason.
The hilly region is situated in the middle part of Nepal and occupies more than 60% of the surface area. It is inhabited by the ethnic tribes like Gurung, Rai, Magar, Limbu, Newar, Tamang, Brahmin, Chettri, etc. Each of these tribes has their own distinctive language, cultural rituals, cuisines, music, dance, costumes, and architectural settlement. The major religion followed by these people is Hinduism, that’s why this part of the country famously has innumerable temples. Some of the famous pilgrimage destinations of this region include The Manakamana temple, Tal Barahi temple, Swargradwari, Halesi Mahadev, Bhimeshor, etc. People in this region celebrate a lot of festivals like Dashain, Tihar, Udhauli & Ubhauli, Krishna Janmasthami, Ram Navami, Gai Jatra etc. Every ethnic tribe in this region has their own folk song and they perform several dance forms like Chandi dance, Ghatu dance, Dhime dance, Sorathi dance, Tappa dance, Jhyaure dance etc. The capital of Nepal Kathmandu valley is also located in this region. The valley is a complete blend of all the cultural varieties found in Nepal. It consists of 7 World Heritage Sites listed by UNESCO which includes the Pashupatinath Temple, The Boudhanath Stupa, Swayambhunath, Changunarayan Temple, Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, and Bhaktapur Durbar Square. Though people from all around the country have migrated to the capital, Newar are the local inhabitants of this place. They celebrate various authentic festivities like Gai Jatra, Bhoto Jatra, Ghode Jatra, Indra Jatra etc. The street food of Kathmandu is really famous among everyone as it serves several authentic dishes like chhoila, sekuwa, bara, chatamari etc along with various fast food and junk items. The valley is never short of cultural entertainment as it regularly serves you some ancient cultural shows like Kumari dance, Manjushree dance, Pancha Buddha dance, Bajrayogini dance, Arya Tara Dance, Lakhe Dance etc.
The Terai region of Nepal is situated at the lowest altitude and is the hottest part of the country. The people living here are mainly Tharu and Madhesis. They speak various languages like Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu etc and are the follower of Aryan culture. People living here mainly follow Hinduism and Islamism. The major festivals celebrated in this region include Dashain, Tihar, Chhath, Maghi parba, Eid, Bibaha Panchami, etc. Some famous pilgrimage sites lying in this part of the country are Baraha Chetra, Lumbini- the birthplace of Lord Buddha, and Janaki Temple. The most famous dance forms of this region are Dhimal dance, Bhojpuri dance, Peacock dance, Jhijhiya dance, and sangini dance. Agriculture is the main occupation of Terai region as it solely produces more than half of the granaries of Nepal. People living in this region are very hard-working and they work enthusiastically even in the extreme temperature. Light cotton clothes are the most appropriate attire for this region. Other than agriculture the people living in this region are also engaged in several handicrafts and arts business. Mithila Chitrakala- a type of paper and wall painting which is mainly based on the Hindu culture and revolves around gods, goddesses, plus their divinity is the most famous art form of this region.