Mountaineering in Nepal
Mountaineering is not only a daring venture today but also a recreational sport which challenges your spirit. When mountaineering is concerned the best destination so far is Nepal. Nepal is the number one spot to be considered for every mountain lover as it has 8 mountains whose height is over 8000 meters along with the highest peak of the world. Mountaineering is also one of the major occupations of the Sherpas as they guide several internal and international tourists to the top of the peaks. Snow-shaded plateaus, glaciers, glacial lakes, streams, and fast flowing perennial rivers are the other geographical features which complement the beauty of the tall Himalayas. Mountaineering in Nepal provides a golden opportunity for everyone to experience the beauty of the dramatic snow peaks, isolated villages, ravishing vistas, splendid passes, authentic cultural activities, ancient ethnicity, and Himalayan biodiversity.
The most famous mountain peaks of Nepal are Mt. Everest, Mt. Kanchenjunga (the third highest peak in the world), Mt. Annapurna, Lhotse, Mt. Dhaulagiri, Makalu, Choyu, and Manaslu. All of these above-mentioned peaks have a height over 8000 meters. Other than that, some mountains such as Langtang, Ganesh, Churen, Kirat Chuli, Chamlang, and Putha Hiunchuli’s height ranges around 7000 meters. The best time for mountaineering in Nepal is autumn and spring as the temperature is comparatively higher and the snowfall rate is lower. As a result of which the snowy and monstrous peaks become safer and easier to conqueror during these seasons. If you are interested in mountain climbing in Nepal, it is quite easy to find a mountaineering troop with a professional and well-experienced guide. In order to explore these mighty peaks of Nepal, you need to be physically fit and should also have basic mountaineering skills with good rock plus ice climbing experience. In lack of these techniques, discovering these humongous mountains can sometimes be life-threatening. These expeditions will take from 30 to 60 days. The mountains whose height ranges from 6000 to 7000 meters take an average of 30 days to be conquered. The ones with height more than 7000 to 8000 take nearly 40 days to be explored while the highest peaks with the height above 8000 meters including the mightiest Everest take an average of 59 days to be conquered. Most of the mountaineering guides of Nepal belong to the Sherpa community- one of the oldest ethnic community of Nepal who has been staying in the lap of Himalayas since very long. The benefit of having them as your guide is that you are not only following the foot which knows every part of the mountains but you are also holding the hands which will protect you from all the obstacles in the way. Mountaineering is one among the major professions of the Sherpa people or it can be said that it’s in their blood. Nepal has several facilitated and well-equipped mountaineering agencies which can help you to have the once a lifetime experience in the Himalayas.
The beautiful experience of mountaineering in Nepal even becomes more exciting because of its cultural diversity. Several ethnic groups like Sherpas, Thakalis, Gurungs, and Rais live in the highest part of the country. Each one of them has their own distinct cultural dress, traditional rituals, folk songs, and dances. These communities mainly follow Buddhism, Hinduism, and Kirant religion. Their main profession is agriculture and animal rearing while some other preferable jobs are mountaineering, trekking guides, and running guest houses plus touristic shops. These people are extremely welcoming and live a very simple lifestyle away from the mess of the technological world. The guest houses in these reasons are known best to serve the authentic cuisines like Thakali food, dhido, the very famous goat plus yak cheese and meat along with beverages like butter tea, yak and goat’s milk, chyyang, and tongba. Talking about the vegetation, the Himalayan region’s major crops are millet, buckwheat, barley, and potato. This region is very rich in biodiversity thus, preserves some rare animals like red panda, Himalayan Thar, Musk Deer, and Snow leopard. It also holds a great floral account with the alpine forests consisting of rhododendrons, junipers, and various conifers along with some very important medicinal herbs like panchaule, Jatamasi, and Cordyceps.